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Accra Comprehensive Peace Agreement

In 2003, UNMIL took control of the ECOWAS peacekeeping mandate. Resolute in achieving lasting peace and security, and undertakes without delay to resolve by peaceful and legal means all past, present and future differences and not to resort to threat or use of force; No mediator was involved in the process, but the women of civil society served as observers and then presented 17% of the witnesses to the signing of the final agreement. Women in civil society have played an important role in calling for formal talks, empowering belligerents on negotiating timetables, mobilizing national support for the process, and facilitating the disarmament of veterans. The first round of voting took place on the scheduled date of 11 October 2005. These elections were held for candidates vying for seats in the Senate and House of Representatives, as well as for candidates running for president. In the elections, “22 registered political parties, two alliances and a coalition, which presented about 205 senators and 513 candidates for the House of Representatives, and the 22 presidential candidates and their fellow candidates conducted their political campaigns in a generally peaceful manner.” 1 This was an important development after the conflict in Liberia. The parties to the negotiations have been brought to justice. The Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace campaign made the negotiating parties accountable throughout the process. They organized some of taylor`s first meetings with rebel leaders and earned them a reputation as “objective mediators.” As a stalemate threatened to shake the timetable for the peace process, the group met with Taylor and successfully pushed him to participate in talks in Accra, Ghana. In Accra, women staged a sit-in and refused to let some leave the premises before reaching a negotiated solution; The talks resulted in the signing of the 2003 Comprehensive Peace Agreement.

Desiring to seek the help and support of the international community to restore peace and stability in Liberia; The peace agreement included a wide range of reforms; the obligation to conduct a human rights investigation by a truth commission and to examine the security forces for human rights reasons. The former Nigerian head of state, General Abdulsalami Abubakar, facilitated the negotiations that led to the agreement. [5] However, civil society also played an important role in the discussions. Representatives of interfaith people, human rights, prodeocraty, women`s rights and legal organizations were admitted as official delegates and many others participated informally as observers. Women have been particularly vocal in these peace talks. Every day, between 150 and 200 refugee activists came to the hotel where the talks were being held to try to stop the Monrovia shooting and violence in their country. [6] These women were organized by the Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace. 12. Effective. The agreement will enter into force on the date of its signing.

The 2003 agreement necessitated police reform. The Security Council also called for such a reform in Resolution 1509 (2003). The resolution called on UNMIL to help the NTGL “monitor and restructure Liberia`s police force, develop a civilian police training programme and assist, in cooperation with ECOWAS, international organizations and interested states, in training the civilian police; And to help the Transitional Government form a new and restructured Liberian army, in cooperation with ECOWAS, international organizations and interested states. 1 In order to facilitate police reform, UNMIL and the Secretariat developed an intervention concept that included the deployment of 755 civilian police officers and three formed police units, each comprising 120 armed police forces.1